HIV Evolution and phylodynamics
The causative agent for Acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS is HIV and this was foremost recognized in patients living in USA. After subsequent characterization it was recognized that HIV was a retrovirus. Later, SIV (Simian Immunodeficiency Virus) was found which was a closet relative of HIV virus which also influenced the rate of infection. These HIV and SIV virus interact with many host proteins further leading to the changes in the biological system. The genetic characteristics and evolutionary history of HIV is only little known. Normally the HIV virus is classified into nine types (A-D, F-H, J and K) and with six subtypes (A1–A4, and F1–F2). Among all these Subtype C is the most prevailing one and is mostly found in southern Africa, east Africa and India, with further infections in central Africa and Brazil.
- Track 1-1 Viral origins, evolution and diversity
- Track 2-2 Virology
- Track 3-3 Viral fitness and resistance