Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is known to be caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Transmission of this virus is extremely common among all sexually active women. But studies have clearly demonstrated that the risk of contracting HPV rises substantially as HIV progresses. For this reason, HIV-positive women should undergo regular pelvic exams with Pap tests. Pap tests can detect early cervical cancer. Most cervical cancers (80 to 90 percent) are squamous cell cancers. Adenocarcinoma is the second most common type of cervical cancer, accounting for the remaining 10 to 20 percent of cases. Adenocarcinoma develops from the glands that produce mucus in the endocervix. While less common than squamous cell carcinoma, the incidence of adenocarcinoma is on the rise, particularly in younger women. Cervical cancer is considered invasive when it spreads outside the cervix. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.



  • Track 1-1 Uterine Cervix
  • Track 2-2 Abnormality and Invasion of cells
  • Track 3-3 Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Track 4-4 Adenocarcinoma
  • Track 5-5 Greater exposure to HPV
  • Track 6-6 Genetic Mutation

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