Diagnostic approaches and Cure Strategies

An antibody test (also called immunoassay) checks for antibodies to the HIV virus. Blood test is done by drawing blood from a vein, or by a finger prick. A blood test is the most accurate because blood has a higher level of antibodies than other body fluids. Oral fluid test checks for antibodies in the cells of the mouth. It is done by swabbing the gums and inside cheeks. This test is less accurate than the blood test. Urine test checks for antibodies in the urine. This test is also less accurate than the blood test. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests are used to detect HIV's genetic material, called RNA. These tests can be used to screen the donated blood supply and to detect very early infections before antibodies have been developed. Contact tracing of sexual partners is an important part of the clinical management of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and initiation of contact tracing is the responsibility of the diagnosing clinician.



  • Track 1-1 Blood tests Screening
  • Track 2-2 Urine samples & Fluid samples Testing
  • Track 3-3 Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test
  • Track 4-4 Direct immunofluorescence and enzyme immunoassay
  • Track 5-5 Patient Contact tracing

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