Herpes is caused by two different but similar viruses: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Both kinds can make sores pop up on and around your vulva, vagina, cervix, anus, penis, scrotum, butt, inner thighs, lips, mouth, throat, and rarely, your eyes. Many people with herpes don’t notice the sores or mistake them for something else, so they might not know they’re infected. You can spread herpes even when you don’t have any sores or symptoms. There’s no cure for herpes, but medication can ease your symptoms and lower your chances of giving the virus to other people. HSV transmission may uncommonly occur in the absence of genital lesions. The risk of acquiring genital HSV-2 from a regular partner is greater for women with no previous HSV-1 infection and least for men with previous HSV-1 exposure. Viral culture and direct immunofluorescence are the definitive tests for HSV diagnosis, but sensitivity depends on proper specimen collection.
- Track 1-1 Herpes simplex virus HSV-1
- Track 2-2 Herpes simplex virus HSV-2
- Track 3-3 Direct Human contact Transmission
- Track 4-4 Blisters and Ulceration on the Cervix