Opportunistic Infections of AIDS/HIV
Opportunistic infections are infections that occur more frequently in people with advanced HIV disease, including tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis, pneumonia and toxoplasmosis. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is virus most commonly thought of as causing serious eye disease in people with weakened immune systems. It can potentially lead to blindness. The damage from CMV infection may slow with the use of antiretroviral therapy. Cryptococcus may cause meningitis. This is an infection of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord. Long-term suppressive therapy is often used with somewhat fewer toxic medications for people with HIV. Cryptosporidiosis is an unpleasant diarrheal illness for healthy people. However, for those who are HIV-positive, it can last longer and cause more severe symptoms. A medication called nitazoxanide (Alinia) is normally prescribed to treat the disease. Mycobacterium avium complex MAC organisms can make their way into the body through the GI system and spread. It can be treated through antimycobacterial and antiretroviral therapy.
- Track 1-1 Serious Infections- Advantage of weak of immune system
- Track 2-2 Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)
- Track 3-3 Cytomegalovirus
- Track 4-4 Cryptococcal meningitis
- Track 5-5 Cryptosporidiosis & Toxoplasmosis